Image management

PrestaShop manages images via the image resource, and several other resources use it as well to manage their own images. There are several types of images available, which can all be accessed via their respective API:

Image type API url
General shop images /api/images/general
Product images /api/images/products
Category images /api/images/categories
Customization images /api/images/customizations
Manufacturer images /api/images/manufacturers
Supplier images /api/images/suppliers
Store images /api/images/stores
If you need to get a list of image types you can also use the /api/images API which lists all of them.

The image format

Except for the general shop images, all the images API will return the same kind of format:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<prestashop xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink">
    <image_types>
        <image_type id="5" name="large_default" xlink:href="http://example.com/api/image_types/5"/>
        <image_type id="3" name="medium_default" xlink:href="http://example.com/api/image_types/3"/>
        <image_type id="2" name="small_default" xlink:href="http://example.com/api/image_types/2"/>
    </image_types>
    <images>
        <image id="2" xlink:href="http://example.com/api/images/manufacturers/2"/>
        <image id="1" xlink:href="http://example.com/api/images/manufacturers/1"/>
    </images>
</prestashop>
  • a list of image types related to the resource; each one defines the expected image size for each resource (in this example we can see that manufacturers have three image sizes: small, medium and large)
  • a list of images for this kind of resource

Using webservice lib

You can get the information about a specific resource’s images using our Webservice library:

try {
    $webService = new PrestaShopWebservice('http://example.com/', 'ZR92FNY5UFRERNI3O9Z5QDHWKTP3YIIT', false);

    $xml = $webService->get(['resource' => 'images/products']);
    $imageTypes = $xml->image_types->children();
    $images = $xml->images->children();
} catch (PrestaShopWebserviceException $e) {
    echo 'Error:' . $e->getMessage();
}

GET image

The GET image API allows you to request an image associated to a resource. The response is the image itself.

Default behaviour

For most resources the url format is as follows: /api/images/{resource}/{resource_id}. You can use an additional parameter by appending the image format /api/images/{resource}/{resource_id}/{image_type}. In both cases, placeholders are:

  • resource: the resource name (ex: categories, manufacturers, …)
  • resource_id: the integer ID to identify the resource
  • image_type: the name of the image type requested (ex: small_default, category_default, …)

This will return the target image as a response.

General shop

The general image API only returns a list of images related to the shop configuration like the header or icon image. The /api/images/general returns the list of image types which you can then append to the URL (much like the image type in the default use case).

For example /api/images/general/header returns the header image.

Product images

The product images API behaves mostly like the default ones, except that products may have multiple images, so the API contains an extra parameter for the image ID /api/images/products/{product_id}/{image_id}

Adding a new image to a product

We only refer to product here as it’s the only resource that has multiple images. For other resources we only update its image.

Only one image is posted to the API, this image will then be resized into all the formats associated to the resource.

Using an HTML form

<form enctype="multipart/form-data" method="POST" action="http://ZR92FNY5UFRERNI3O9Z5QDHWKTP3YIIT@example.com/api/images/products/1">
  <fieldset>
    <legend>Add image for products No 1</legend>
    <input type="file" name="image">
    <input type="submit" value="Execute">
  </fieldset>
</form>

Using cURL

To create a new image we are going to use the /images/products API. We won’t use the PrestaShopWebservice class here, but a cURL request.

<?php

$urlImage = 'http://example.com/api/images/products/10/';
$key  = 'ZR92FNY5UFRERNI3O9Z5QDHWKTP3YIIT';

//Here you set the path to the image you need to upload
$image_path = '/path/to/the/image.jpg';
$image_mime = 'image/jpg';

$args['image'] = new CurlFile($image_path, $image_mime);

$ch = curl_init();
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HEADER, 1);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLINFO_HEADER_OUT, 1);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $urlImage);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POST, 1);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_USERPWD, $key.':');
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $args);
$result = curl_exec($ch);
$httpCode = curl_getinfo($ch, CURLINFO_HTTP_CODE);
curl_close($ch);

if (200 == $httpCode) {
    echo 'Product image was successfully created.';
}

Update the image of a resource

It’s almost the same principle as adding an image except the API expects a PUT method. Since not all clients manage this HTTP method we can add a parameter ps_method in the URL to simulate it (recommended workaround).

Using an HTML form

<form action="http://ZR92FNY5UFRERNI3O9Z5QDHWKTP3YIIT@example.com/api/images/categories/2" method="POST" enctype="multipart/form-data">
  <fieldset>
    <legend>Update category image 2</legend>
    <input name="ps_method" value="PUT" type="hidden">
    <input name="image" type="file">
    <input value="Execute" type="submit">
  </fieldset>
</form>

Using cURL

<?php

// DON'T FORGET to add the ps_method parameter
$urlImage = 'http://example.com/api/images/categories/2/?ps_method=PUT';
$key  = 'ZR92FNY5UFRERNI3O9Z5QDHWKTP3YIIT';

//Here you set the path to the image you need to upload
$image_path = '/path/to/the/image.jpg';
$image_mime = 'image/jpg';

$args['image'] = new CurlFile($image_path, $image_mime);

$ch = curl_init();
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HEADER, 1);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLINFO_HEADER_OUT, 1);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $urlImage);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POST, 1);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_USERPWD, $key.':');
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $args);
$result = curl_exec($ch);
$httpCode = curl_getinfo($ch, CURLINFO_HTTP_CODE);
curl_close($ch);

if (200 == $httpCode) {
    echo 'Category image was successfully updated.';
}